"To the complaint, ‘There are no people in these photographs,’ I respond, ‘There are always two people: the photographer and the viewer.’"
Just Added: Fundamentals of Photography
Thursdays in June, Carmel, IN Enroll now!
You’ve taken the classes, now show off your time and effort:
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IPC Student, Serge Melki, To Be Featured At The IMOCA
Serge has been a student of IPC’s Experience Builder class, HDR workshop and several other events. In an exhibit opening in June, he will be featured alongside world-renowned photographers displaying the architecture of Evans Woollen.
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Featured Class: Fundamentals of Photography
There is a lot of science that goes into photography… don’t let it scare you! Depth-of-field, shutter speeds, F-stops, film speeds, lenses, just to name a few aspects. This class is designed as a "crash-course" to help you understand these complex topics, along with some hands-on time shooting outdoors, practicing learned skills.
During these 4 weeks you’ll gain confidence and abilities to improve photo-taking of your favorite subjects. Please bring a SLR or dSLR camera to the first class. After these 4 weeks, the Level 2 "Experience Booster" class is designed to follow-up and expand the knowledge gained and promote further learning through experience.
Photo Software Tip: Using Layers
One of the most powerful features available in photo editing software is "Layers" and for many it is also one of the most confusing. A Layer function is available in nearly all commercial image editor as well as some free and web-based image editors*. Usually they all have the same Layers window as in Figure 1 (click to enlarge):
|Fig. 1 – Photoshop CS4
A analogy to how photographers use Layers imagine three pieces of paper stacked together, a black sheet on the bottom, a red sheet in the middle and a blue sheet on top. That would be the equivalent of what you see in Figure 1 above.
The blue layer would be the top most sheet. In Figure 1 you might’ve noticed a white rectangle just to the right of the blue rectangle. That white rectangle is what’s called a Layer Mask. A layer mask allows you to specify how much of the Layer shall be visible. Whichever parts of the Layer Mask that are white, you will see that portion of the image. Wherever you see black that area will be invisible (see figure 2).
Going back to the analogy of the stack of paper, drawing a black circle on the blue Layer Mask is like cutting a whole in the blue sheet of paper, which would reveal some of the red sheet of paper directly below it.
In Figure 3 we’ve inverted the blue Layer Mask so only a small circle is visible and we’ve "punched out" part of the red Layer Mask revealing the black bottom Layer. You could accomplish something similar to this effect by simply erasing portions of the blue or red Layers. The beauty of Layer Mask’s is that unlike the Eraser tool, you’re not actually changing the original image, you’re just telling the software not to show that part via the Layer Mask.
There are some incredibly complex things you can do with Layers but you now know the fundamental principal behind them so you can start experimenting on your own!
Written by Trevor Warren
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